The toilet paper produced in China for the first time in the 14th century is described as a great invention for human history.
The results of Gala’s research reveal interesting data about the history of the toilet paper. The first factory-made toilet paper discovered in the days when tree leaves, newspaper papers, and the rest of the room held the toilet paper was presented to the market in the United States by Joseph Cattey in 1857.
The preferences of some countries without inventing toilet paper in Gala’s research; “America: newspaper paper, sears catalog, mussel shell and corn cob, England: Sheep’s face, Hawai: Coconut leaf, English lords: Book pages, French Burjuvalar: Lace, Eskimolar: Snow and tundra plant leaves, Ancient Rome: A bar with a sponge on the end (in public toilets), Ancient Rome: Wool and rose water (rich cut), India and Turkey: Water “.
Different uses of toilet paper During the Desert Storm Operation in 1990-1991, American Soldiers camouflaged tanks in Saudi Arabia with toilet paper. Toilet paper is also used today as packaging, eyeglass wipes, handkerchiefs, hairdressing, make-up cleaning and closet cover cover. Another interesting result is that the Pentagon spent 666 rolls of toilet paper a day.
The most preferred color in toilet paper all over the world is followed by white and pink in the first place.
In the world, North America ranks first with 24 pounds of toilet paper consumption per capita per year. Other countries following North America are Western Europe, Japan, Eastern Europe, Latin America and China.
In Turkey, about 8 percent of the total population is using toilet paper. According to this, 24 out of 100 households in Turkey consume toilet paper. When you look at Islamic countries, Turkey ranks seventh after Tunisia. The first country in Islamic countries is Lebanon. Turkey is most exporting toilet paper to Israel.
Retail toilet paper sales in the world According to research results made by Euromonitor in 2004, there is an increase in toilet paper sales in Western and Eastern Europe in retail sales. The increase in toilet paper retail sales in the world from 1998 to 2003 also reveals the widespread use of toilet paper in Western and Eastern Europe.
Exports of toilet paper in the world Germany, the United States, Italy, France and Canada are among the countries with the biggest share respectively in world exports.
Soil Paper in the toilet paper in Turkey holds an important place. Since 1981, Toprak Paper, Gala, Nova and Roza toilet paper brands are serving in the cleaning paper production sector in Turkey. Soil Paper is exported to Greece, the TRNC, the Republic of Turkey, Ukraine, Algeria, Bulgaria, Romania, Jordan and Morocco.
Mankind has always explored ways of transferring and recording their thoughts and how to move them forward. The first examples of these are sheets, leaves, bronze, silk and clay tablets made of wax. Much of the information was recorded and cheaply circulated in the hands of the paper was not possible until the meeting of the paper.
4000 BC: The ancient Egyptians found the first paper-like material as we know it. A substance called papyrus is formed by tapping reed reeds which have been made into a woven cloth into a hard and thin sheet. The word “paper”, which means paper in English, is also called “papyrus”
It is a word that is a day-to-day word. Later on in the past, the ancient Greeks used a parchment type substance made from animal skin for the same purpose.
M.S.105: As we know, paper was found by Ts’ai Lun, a Chinese military court officer. According to the belief, Ts’ai made this mixture of mulberry, mixture and small cloth mixed with water, crushing it into a paper clay, removing the water and leaving the mixture to dry on the sun. Thus the paper was born and this humble blend was one of the most wonderful communications revolutions of mankind. In this way, literature and art in China are almost flourishing.
A.D. 610: The art of paper began to spread to Japan by Buddhist priests. Paper making has become the most important piece of Japanese culture and has been used in writing, fan, dress, puppet making and the most important part of their home. In addition, mold printing technique was used for the first time by the Japanese.
M.S.751: After several decades of Samarkand, Chinese and Arab armies trading peacefully, they began to fight. The Chinese were corrupted and many were taken prisoner. Paper producers among the prisoners have attempted to negotiate freedom of expression by teaching the secrets of paper production in the Arab world.
M.S. 009: The paper took about 400 years to pass from the Arabs to Europe. Xativa, the first paper mill in Europe, was founded by the Arabs in Spain. Here the production of paper lasted until 1244, when the European army bailed them out of Morocco. Later, paper production began to spread gradually in Christian Europe.
A.D. 1250: Italy becomes the largest paper manufacturer. The Italians have effectively directed the European market for many years by exporting large quantities of paper they produce.
M.S.1338 – 1470: For the sacred texts, the French fathers begin to produce paper. France will soon be adapting this new technology and be self-sufficient. It becomes a competitive paper manufacturer.
M.S.1411: The first paper mill in Germany was converted from flour mill with the help of Italians. Over time, Germany developed the arts and made the best papers on the market.
In 1453, Johan Gutenberg invented a portable printing press. The printing press’s invention was the next step in the communication revolution. Prior owners of books, monasteries, kingdoms, scholars and very few people had the chance to read them. For the first time it was possible for the poor to reach the books and more importantly the documents. Literacy has increased as the books begin to be found. With the increase in literacy, the demand for books has increased accordingly.
M.S.1588: England is starting to produce its own paper.
M.S.1680: The first paper mill in New York was established by the Spanish in Culhuacan near the capital city of Mexico.
M.S.1690: A German immigrant named William Rittenhouse, who emigrated to North America, founded the first paper mill in America near Philedelphia. It was also where the first American paper makers were trained.
M.S.1719: Rene Antonie Ferchault de Reaumur, a serious scarcity of paper-making materials, suggested that the paper could also be made of him. At that time the paper was made of old clothes and cloth. There was not enough piece of cloth to cover the increased supply on the paper. It was to observe the wild bears who made Reaumur’s inspirational sockets.
M.S. 1798: Nicholas Robert invented the paper machine. This hand-cranked (moving) machine was making paper on a rotating white screen. But the investment was not successful, and the English Fourdrinier brothers, who heard Robert’s invention from a common acquaintance, created their own paper machines. Unless their inventions were used, the paper machines carried their name up to the day.
M.S.1850: German-born Friedrich Gottlob Keller designed to make paper from wood pulp. However, the resulting paper was of low quality.
M.S.1852: English-born Hugh Burgess perfected the wood dough by mixing it with chemicals.
M.S.1867: An American chemist C.B. Tilghman developed the technique of making paper from wood pulp using sulfite in the pulping process.
M.S.1879: Swedish C.F. Dahl made the final perfection by adding a chemical to the use of wood. This sulphate method spread rapidly and reached the United States in 1907.
M.S.1883 Charles Stillwell invented a machine that made brown crayons for groats. Today, more than twenty million cigarettes are used in supermarkets a year. Many of these are being converted back into boxes and paper bags.
M.S.1889-1900: Economically, the mass produced paper became a reality. Paper production is around 2.5 million tons per year. Newspapers, magazines and books exploded. He entered the paper school and took the blackboard.
Cleopatra, Confucius, Einstein, Edison, Ts’ai Lun. If you want to know who is the greatest beneficiary of the development of human history among all these people, you probably do not call Ts’ai Lun. But he is O. Ts’ai Lun was a civil servant who lived in China about 2000 years ago and invented the paper in its present state of use in 105 AD. The mulberry tree bark crushed the hemp and cloth rags with water and poured them into mushrooms and pressed them out of the water, and this submerged bed was submerged under the sun for drying.
In fact, people used various things that they could write on even in 3500 BC. In the later ages of paper making, the Chinese made the world’s most advanced cultivator. Surprisingly, Ts’ai Lun’s paper-making method, which reached 751 in Central Asia and 793 in Baghdad, could not come to Europe in 1000 years. The first paper in Europe could only be made in Spain in 1151.
Especially the need for printing together with the invention of the printing house has grown increasingly. It was difficult to find enough raw materials. In addition, paper manufacturing took a lot of time and the world needed a solution.
The exact date is unknown, but at the beginning of the 18th century the French scientist Rene-Antonie Ferchault de Reaumur saw a wild hornet bull while walking through the trees in the forest. Since the wild bees were not at home, he stopped to investigate the hive. Suddenly he saw that the hive was made of paper. Well, how were they doing the hive before they used rags? They did not just use rags, chemicals, fire and mixing tanks. Did they know what people do not know?
In fact everything was very simple. As a result of a brief observation, the wild bees took thin branches or rotten logs into their mouths like cats, mixing them with stomach fluids and saliva, and using them to make hives. The Reaumur also examined the digestive system of the bees and presented it to the French Royal Academy in 1719.
The first paper machine was made in 1798. However, this was a simple machine that could make a single sheet of paper in each turn, where a wide belt turned and took the lap of the barrel and made it into thin paper. The cylinder machine was invented by John Dickinson in 1809 before it was too late.
Nowadays, paper production can be done with high technology and fully automatic, but the process is essentially unchanged. The quality difference between the papers determines the type of fiber used, the preparation of the lap, the materials involved, chemical or mechanical methods. Although woods are the main source of fibers, synthetic fibers are also used today for making paper.
Factories producing paper; Paper clay factories – today known as celluloid factories and it is possible to divide them into paper factories. Today, however, paper factories are being built as integrated facilities that produce paper and pulp.
Various methods are used to produce paper clay from the raw materials. The dough produced is either supplied directly to the paper machine with the appropriate mixes in aqueous form, or is sold in condensed form by taking the water.
Pack the main raw material of the paper. Paperboard, Furniture, etc. Is used in production, low in oil, higher in quality than oil used as fuel. This wood is also obtained from either coniferous (pine or soft) trees or leafy (oak, etc. hard) trees.
In fact, if the country is occupied with the paper industry, the forest products industry and the third order after a short period of time in the country’s consumption of forest resources, the forest resources of a country will soon be consumed if not only the paper industry, but also forestry is given the necessary importance.
Because of this, the paper industry in the whole world is heading to resources other than wood every day more rapidly. These include hay, straw, hemp, hemp, tobacco, sunflower, etc. known as annual plants. Stems of plants can be counted. From these very diverse plants, up to now, only straw, reed and hemp have reached the level of economic use. Often the collection and storage of others does not seem economical.